Gum Disease (Gingivitis)


The Importance of Good Oral Health

The benefits of periodontal health include the absence of infection, improved chewing ability and better overall health. 
Medical research has begun to show that people with periodontal disease may be at significant risk for other diseases.

Heart Disease - Scientists have discovered that people with periodontal disease are almost twice as likely to suffer from coronary artery disease as compared to people without periodontal disease. 

Respiratory Disease - Several of the respiratory diseases such as emphysema, pneumonia and bronchitis can be affected by bacterial contamination from the gums. 

Pregnancy Problems - Pregnant women with periodontal disease may be seven times more likely to have a premature and underweight baby. 

Diabetes - People with diabetes have a greater risk of contracting periodontal disease. Also, new research suggests that a gum infection makes it more difficult to control the blood sugar. 

Did you know...

Research has shown that bacteria that causes periodontal disease can pass through saliva; therefore, children and couples may be at risk of contracting periodontal disease from another family member. 

 

 

 

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Our team of dental specialists and staff strive to improve the overall health of our patients by focusing on preventing, diagnosing and treating conditions associated with your teeth and gums. Please use our dental library to learn more about dental problems and treatments available. If you have questions or need to schedule an appointment, contact us.

Gingivitis is the medical term for early gum disease, or periodontal disease. In general, gum disease can be caused by long-term exposure to plaque, the sticky but colorless film on teeth that forms after eating or sleeping.

Gum disease originates in the gums, where infections form from harmful bacteria and other materials left behind from eating. Early warning signs include chronic bad breath, tender or painful swollen gums and minor bleeding after brushing or flossing. In many cases, however, gingivitis can go unnoticed. The infections can eventually cause the gums to separate from the teeth, creating even greater opportunities for infection and decay.

Although gum disease is the major cause of tooth loss in adults, in many cases it is avoidable.

If gingivitis goes untreated, more serious problems such as abscesses, bone loss or periodontitis can occur.

Periodontitis is treated in a number of ways. One method, called root planing, involved cleaning and scraping below the gum line to smooth the roots. If effective, this procedure helps the gums reattach themselves to the tooth structure.  However, not all instances of scaling and root planing successfully reattach the tooth to the gums.  Additional measures may be needed if the periodontal pockets persist after scaling and root planing

Pregnancy has also been known to cause a form of gingivitis. This has been linked to hormonal changes in the woman's body that promote plaque production.