Pocket Reduction (flap surgery)
The Importance of Good Oral Health
The benefits of periodontal health include the absence of infection, improved chewing ability and better overall health.
Medical research has begun to show that people with periodontal disease may be at significant risk for other diseases.
Heart Disease - Scientists have discovered that people with periodontal disease are almost twice as likely to suffer from coronary artery disease as compared to people without periodontal disease.
Respiratory Disease - Several of the respiratory diseases such as emphysema, pneumonia and bronchitis can be affected by bacterial contamination from the gums.
Pregnancy Problems - Pregnant women with periodontal disease may be seven times more likely to have a premature and underweight baby.
Diabetes - People with diabetes have a greater risk of contracting periodontal disease. Also, new research suggests that a gum infection makes it more difficult to control the blood sugar.
Did you know...
Research has shown that bacteria that causes periodontal disease can pass through saliva; therefore, children and couples may be at risk of contracting periodontal disease from another family member.
Online Dental Education Library
Our team of dental specialists and staff strive to improve the overall health of our patients by focusing on preventing, diagnosing and treating conditions associated with your teeth and gums. Please use our dental library to learn more about dental problems and treatments available. If you have questions or need to schedule an appointment, contact us.
As bacteria accumulate and advance under the gum tissue in these deep pockets, additional bone and tissue loss follow. Eventually, if too much bone is lost, the teeth will need to be extracted.
Flap surgery is sometimes performed to remove tartar deposits in deep pockets or to reduce the periodontal pocket and make it easier for you or your dental professional to keep the area clean. This common surgery involves lifting back the gums and removing the tartar. The gums are then sutured back in place so that the tissue fits snugly around the tooth again.
A pocket reduction procedure is recommended if daily at-home oral hygiene and a professional care routine cannot effectively reach these deep pockets.
In some cases, irregular surfaces of the damaged bone are smoothed to limit areas where disease-causing bacteria can hide. This allows the gum tissue to better reattach to healthy bone.
In some cases, bone may be smoothed and reshaped so that plaque has fewer places to grow; and repaired (grafted) with bone from another part of the body or with man-made materials. A lining on the bone graft may be placed to help the bone grow back. The lining may need to be removed later.
The flap procedure should cure your gum disease if you maintain good dental care after the surgery. Your gums should become pink and healthy again.